It is all activity that allows raw material to become merchandise. Learn about the types of logistics that exist, how it impacts the supply chain, the logistic options that exist and the KPIs.
Logistics are all activities that allow raw material to become merchandise, leave its production point and reach the consumer. These logistics activities consist of flow planning, as well as control, storage, transport and distribution of the product at strategic points.It is all activity that allows raw material to become merchandise. Learn about the types of logistics that exist, how it impacts the supply chain, the logistics options that exist and the KPIs.
The main purpose of the logistics is to guarantee that the product is delivered in the time and form at the lowest possible cost. To achieve it, a synergy of services, information and resources must exist.
Due to the particularities of the operations, the needs of the customers, and the requirements of the supply chains, there are different types of logistics. These are:
The logistic operator is a provider of one or more storage, order preparation, transportation, cross-docking, reverse logistics, last-mile distribution, accredited verification unit, among others.
There are different types of operators depending on the level of specialization, integration with the supply chain and the areas they can execute. Logistic providers are classified into:
It is not an operator itself, but a freight transport provider. Speed and security in deliveries are the key factors in choosing a 1PL.
The contracting company maintains the management of the supply chain and other logistics services, including storage.
The operator offers freight transport and storage, although at a standard level and national scope.
The optimization and dynamics of the distribution flow are the advantages of 2PL.
The contracting company is responsible for preparing orders and coordinating transport.
The operator, in addition to providing (and coordinating) freight transport, logistics and storage space, its management and a part of the supply chain.
The great benefit is the customization and integration of various services.
In this category, the operator provides the strategy and technological capacity to manage and optimize the supply chain.
This type of operator combines the operation of 3PL services and the optimization of the supply chain facilitated by 4PL.