At this time we will proceed to carry out the analysis of the term organization that concerns us, but before that, it is important that we know the etymological origin of it to understand its meaning better. In this sense, we must emphasize that this word comes from the Greek organon that can be translated as “tool or instrument.”
An organization is a system designed to achieve certain goals and objectives. These systems can, in turn, be made up of other related subsystems that fulfill specific functions.
In other words, an organization is a social group formed by people, tasks, and administration, which interact in the framework of a systematic structure to meet their objectives.
It should be noted that an organization can only exist when there are people who communicate and are willing to act in a coordinated manner to achieve its mission. The organizations work through rules that have been established for the fulfillment of the purposes.
It is also essential that for these organizations to be able to carry out the tasks entrusted to them and so that they can achieve the goals that have been set, it is necessary that they have a network of resources. These should include humans, technological, economic, real estate, natural or intangible.
In the case of NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations, it is necessary to underline the fact that there are many of them all over the world. They are characterized because they do not depend on any government and because they seek to achieve the well-being of the human being from different points of view.
Thus, for example, we find NGOs that bet on improving working conditions, the environment, citizen participation, and scientific research without forgetting either those who bet on humanitarian aid, the protection of children or the elderly.
In contrast, organizations that are created by the State to develop social tasks are known as governmental organizations. They are directed by the government and financed with public funds.
However, many other organizational classifications can also be made based on other different criteria. In this way, we can catalog them by their location (local, regional, national or international), their property (private and public), and their size (small, medium or large) and even by their purpose for-profit and non-profit purposes). Profit).
Finally, we can refer to the term organization of companies, which refers to the organizational structure of work in the business world. There are several elements that are key in this structure, such as bureaucracy, specialization of employment, departmentalization, hand chain, decentralization, and formalization.
How companies are organized is studied by an administrative science called business administration, which studies how resources and processes are managed. This administration is considered as the basis of the operation of a company.